If we scroll down to the bottom of the page we can see that the website belongs to the Ministry for Culture & Heritage, so the information is well-researched and reliable. On 15 December 1848 Many had their passage paid for by colonial companies. In 1839 it commissioned William Hobson, a naval officer, as lieutenant governor and consul to the Maori chiefs, and he annexed the whole country: the North Island by the right of cession from the Maori chiefs and the South Island by the right of discovery. European-New Zealand culture is the culture of New Zealand. First discovered by the Dutchman Abel Janszoon Tasman in 1642, New Zealand’s coastal area was later explored and mapped by James Cook in 1769. The New Zealand Company’s first settler ship, the Aurora, arrived at Pito-one (Petone) on 22 January 1840, and set up a community there. On February 6, 1840, New Zealand’s first Governor, William Hobson, invited Maori chiefs to sign what is now considered to have been the country’s founding document. In 1838 the British government decided upon at least partial annexation. Tasman’s New Zealand expedition was cut short after he was attacked by Maori; he subsequently sailed northward to Tonga. Christianity cut across the sanctions and prohibitions that had supplied Maori social cohesion. In fact, refrigerated shipping became the basis of New Zealand’s economy until the 1970s, while agriculture is believed to have helped New Zealand maintain its high standard of living. Humans have altered natural patterns of fire for millennia, but the impact of human-set fires is thought to have been slight in wet closed-canopy forests. The Dutch navigator anchored at the northern end of the South Island in Golden Bay and was the first to sketch a map of the both islands’ west coasts. The first settlers probably arrived from Polynesia between 1200 and 1300 AD. It opened more land (much of it bought from the Maori), established farmers on perpetual state leaseholds, provided credit for land purchase and improvements, and built roads. A Convict Settlement in Sydney The British colony of New South Wales was established in 1788 as a penal colony. The culture of New Zealand is essentially a Western culture influenced by the unique geography of New Zealand, the diverse input of Māori and other Oceanian people, the British colonisation of New Zealand that began in 1840, and the various waves of multi-ethnic migration that followed. Early New Zealand Settlement First Arrivals. Choose New Zealand Peoples, then select Origins … After arriving from their ancestral Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki, probably about 1,000 years ago, they set up a thriving society based on the iwi (tribe), which flourished for hundreds of years. Dutch cartographers renamed the country in 1645 to the Latin Nova Zeelandia, derived from Niew Zeeland, which is a nod to the Dutch province of Zeeland. Tasman anchored at the northern end of the South Island in Golden Bay (he named it Murderers' Bay) in December 1642 and sailed northward to Tonga following an attack by local Māori. At first in the north and later over the whole country, a process of adjustment began, which has continued to the present day. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Between 1814 and 1838, Anglicans, Wesleyan Methodists, and Roman Catholics set up mission stations. Pākehā settlers were European emigrants who journeyed to New Zealand, and more specifically to Auckland, the Wellington/Hawkes Bay region, Canterbury and Otago during the 19th century. By the time the first Europeans arrived, Māori had settled the land, every corner of which came within the interest and influence of a tribal (iwi) or sub-tribal (hapū) grouping. Tribal narratives tell us that, after several challenges, battles and memorable feats, Kupe successfully managed to fend off his enemies to cross the Cook Strait and arrive to the North Island (then dubbed Aotearoa, the land of the long white cloud). Abel Tasman was the first European explorer to come to New Zealand in 1642. In the mid-1840s the nascent economy was depressed until the Australian gold rushes of the 1850s offered a market for foodstuffs to the New Zealand farmer, settler and Maori alike. Sir George Grey, detail of an engraving by W.W. Alais, c. 1861. In 1882, the first shipment of frozen meat reached England – thus solidifying New Zealand’s status as a key exporter of meat, dairy and agricultural goods. Near the Bay of Islands there was open warfare, and Kororareka was repeatedly raided. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The David Lange government and Labour’s changing leadership (1984–90), The James Bolger and Jennifer Shipley governments (1990–99), John Key’s first term as prime minister (2008–11), John Key’s second term as prime minister (2011–16). Scroll down to Sections 2. The first Europeans known to reach New Zealand were the crew of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman who arrived in his ships Heemskerck and Zeehaen. Gold was also found on the West Coast not much later. The 28 EU Member States are: Austria, Belgiu… The settlement had been planned well before their arrival however. The company, combining skillful propaganda with outright trickery and brutality, enforced its claim to the land upon which New Plymouth, Wanganui, and Wellington in the North Island and Nelson in the South Island were founded in the 1840s. The New Zealand Company’s first settler ship, the Aurora, arrived at Petone to found the settlement that would become Wellington. 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